Top technologies that evolving our future

Top technologies that evolving our future

In this Article, Top Technologies mention which evolving our future. Here you will get the top technologies. just keep reading.

  1. Synthetic media

Synthetic media is created using artificial intelligence. Algorithms use an initial set of data to learn people, voices, photos, objects, motions, videos, text, and other types of media. The result is realistic-looking and sounding artificial digital content. Voice clones, voice skins, unique gestures, photos and, interactive bots are all part of the ecosystem. Synthetic media can be used for practical reasons, such as generating characters in animated movies or acting as a stand-in for live live-actions. Synthetic media can automate dubbing in foreign languages on video chats and fill in the banks when video call frames are dropped because of low bandwidth issues. Imagine an entirely new genre of soap opera, where AI systems learn from your digital behaviour, biometric,s and personal data and us. This is the Top Technologies part.

Synthetic media will spark new business opportunities and risks in 2020.

Synthetic media requires a considerable amount of data: photos, videos, audio recordings. That corpus is run through an A.I. algorithm called an encoder, which uses machine learning to discover patterns. Over time, the system parses all of those patterns down to shared features. Then, a decoder is taught to compose new content using the shared features.

In terms of the business phase

Cost savings and scheduling
Synthesizing voices could cut down on the time needed for busy voice actors. If you have Awkwafina voicing a character in your animated film, you could capture a sample of her voice and then program a system to generate her lines.

Custom regional accents

Advertisers could generate hundreds of synthetic characters to appeal to narrow demographic bases. Rather than selecting one human actor to extol the virtues of a particular toothpaste, different synthetic characters could speak directly to Southern California trendsetters, stay-at-home-dads living in Chicago, and aspirational Gen Z-ers who are just entering college.

Reaching people in their languages

In 2019, a campaign produced by A.I. video synthesis company Synthesia and advertising agency R/GA London created synthetic versions of David Beckham for a public service announcement about malaria. The short film shows Beckham talking about how to fight malaria in nine different languages. (His face moved correctly, but the voices weren’t matched to his—though emulating voices is also possible.)

Archiving ourselves

Advancements in synthetic media will let us preserve ourselves throughout our lifetimes. Imagine being able to ask questions to a 5-year-old version of you or listen to your mother read to you long after she’s passed.

2. Cloud robotics a future evolution

The term “Cloud Robotics” was first coined by James Kuffner, at the time a Google employee, in 2010. The new concept referred to merging robotics and cloud computing to enable an “extended and shared brain” for robots. The idea was that robots could use this “extended brain” to offload heavy computation to data centre servers, then use a “shared brain” to build a common database to collect and organize information about the world (environment) and (robot) skills/behaviours. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

There is a bigger picture beyond the brain, i.e., computing. A brain needs a body – robot hardware – a composition of sensors to understand the environment, actuators to do useful physical work, and all working in synchronization.

Drawing from our conversations with end-users and robotics solution developers, the current challenges preventing robotics from going mainstream is as follows:
  • Technical complexity: the extremely technical nature of robotics solutions drives away those who are not experts in the field.
  • Large capital expenditure: a substantial amount of capital is needed for implementing robotics solutions
  • Rigid design: robotics solutions are built for a very specific purpose making them inflexible towards environmental and process changes
  • Limited access: most solutions providing only on-site physical access is an operational and scaling challenge
  • Proprietary interfaces: nonstandardized APIs between software/hardware components are creating fragmentation and limiting innovation

3. Gene Editing

Gene editing, the ability to make highly specific changes in the DNA sequence of a living organism, essentially customizing its genetic makeup. Gene editing is performed using enzymes, particularly nucleases that have been engineered to target a specific DNA sequence, where they introduce cuts into the DNA strands, enabling the removal of existing DNA and the insertion of replacement DNA. Gene editing is also including in the Top Technologies.

The idea of using gene editing to treat disease or alter traits dates to at least the 1950s and the discovery of the double-helix structure of DNA. In the mid-20th-century era of genetic discovery, researchers realized that the sequence of bases in DNA is passed (mostly) faithfully from parent to offspring and that small changes in the sequence can mean the difference between health and disease.This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

The development of gene-editing technology for gene therapy, however, proved difficult. Much early progress focused not on correcting genetic mistakes in the DNA but rather on attempting to minimize their consequence by providing a functional copy of the mutated gene, either inserted into the genome or maintained as an extrachromosomal unit.

The aim of this Special Issue of Molecular Therapy, Gene Editing Technology, and Applications, is to provide a comprehensive overview of these emerging methods in gene therapy including cell line engineering, cellular therapies, site-specific gene targeting, pre-clinical and clinical studies, ex vivo and in vivo approaches, and other basic issues such as gene silencing, cargo capacity, genotoxicity, and integration efficiencies.

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4.  A living machines for the future

Researchers in the US have created the first living machines by assembling cells from African clawed frogs into tiny robots that move around under their own steam. A living machines for future

One of the most successful creations has two stumpy legs that propel it along on its “chest”. Another has a hole in the middle that researchers turned into a pouch so it could shimmy around with miniature payloads.

Roboticists tend to favour metal and plastic for their strength and durability, but Levin and his colleagues see benefits in making robots from biological tissues. When damaged, living robots can heal their wounds, and once their task is done they fall apart, just as natural organisms decay when they die. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

Their unique features mean that future versions of the robots might be deployed to clean up microplastic pollution in the oceans, locate and digest toxic materials, deliver drugs in the body or remove plaque from artery walls, the scientists say.

The robots, which are less than 1mm long, are designed by an “evolutionary algorithm” that runs on a supercomputer. The program starts by generating random 3D configurations of 500 to 1,000 skin and heart cells. Each design is then tested in a virtual environment, to see, for example, how far it moves when the heart cells are set to beat. The best performers are used to spawn more designs, which themselves are then put through their paces.

They think that all living creatures have interests that should be given some moral consideration. For these people, difficult questions could arise about whether these xenobiotics should be classified as living creatures or machines.”

5. A greener Silicon valley

. A greener Silicon valley

Tech companies are cleaning up their data centres and building shiny new buildings that sip water and energy. But are they as green as they claim?

 Many companies issued statements in support of the Paris climate agreement, but their actions will be more important than their statements. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

Recent reports from the UN climate summit in Katowice, Poland, show an increase in the world’s carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels following a three-year-long plateau. As of 2018, total global carbon emissions were estimated to rise by 2.7 per cent, according to the annual “Carbon Budget” by the Global Carbon Project. In the United States alone, some scientists suspect there was a 2.5 per cent emissions increase last year.

The Decarbonization Roadmap, this plan aims to offer affordable, carbon-free power to residents, build energy-efficient buildings, electrify public transportation, successfully integrate new environmentally-friendly technologies into the electric grid, promote green innovation within local incubators and startups and educate the community on the steps they can take to reduce their carbon emissions.

Every enterprise can contribute to reducing energy waste and CO2 emissions. Simple things like turning off lights, investing in low-energy systems, using energy-saving modes, and unplugging electrical equipment when not in use may only have a minimal impact on a global scale, but if repeated across every office in every enterprise this becomes a significant contribution. Taking an electricity consumption audit across existing IT infrastructure and phased replacement of power-hungry products with more efficient products within annual spending cycles also makes long-term fuel efficiency sense. Recycling, use of recyclable packaging, using video collaboration systems rather than taking a plane, even adopting non-standard office hours and remote working can reduce the environmental impact of your business, while switching to renewable energy suppliers can have a direct impact on the energy you do use.

6. Mushrooms on to space

NASA scientists are exploring a peculiar strategy for building a Moon base and other off-world structures: growing them onsite out of living mushrooms. Nasa is also included in Top Technologies.

The space agency first considered the possibility of fungal space habitats in 2018, but now scientists are conducting tests to determine how well mycelia fungus might grow in Martian soil. If the research pans out, it would allow future astronauts to construct off-world settlements without needing to carry expensive, heavy building materials with them from Earth — a game-changer in the plan to colonize space.

The idea is to ship dormant fungus to a Moon base and, once it arrives, give it water and the right conditions to trigger growth. That would also require a supply of photosynthetic bacteria to provide the fungus with nutrients. Once the fungus grows into the shape of a structure, it would be heat-treated, effectively killing it and turning it into a compact brick.This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

Rothschild and her team are conducting their research with the aid of funding from the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program, which seeks to encourage the development of potentially game-changing exploration technologies. And the myco-architecture project could indeed be game-changing if everything works out.

“Ultimately, the project envisions a future where human explorers can bring a compact habitat built out of a lightweight material with dormant fungi that will last on long journeys to places like Mars,” NASA officials wrote in the same statement. “Upon arrival, by unfolding that basic structure and simply adding water, the fungi will be able to grow around that framework into a fully functional human habitat— all while being safely contained within the habitat to avoid contaminating the Martian environment.”

There could be many different manifestations of off-Earth “mushroomsparalyzed.” For example, one habitat concept would consist of three layers, NASA officials explained. On top would be water ice, which may be sourced locally. (Both the moon and Mars are known to harbour the stuff.) The ice would shield the habitat’s human occupants from harmful radiation and would also provide resources to the tiny denizens of the middle layer photosynthesizing microbes called cyanobacteria.

These creatures would produce oxygen for the astronauts and nutrients for the fungal mycelia, the chief constituent of the bottom layer. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

“When we design for space, we’re free to experiment with new ideas and materials with much more freedom than we would on Earth,” Rothschild said. “And after these prototypes are designed for other worlds, we can bring them back to ours.”

7. Neurotechnology makes paralyze people to move

Three patients with chronic paraplegia were able to walk over the ground thanks to precise electrical stimulation of their spinal cords via a wireless implant. In a double study published in Nature and Nature Neuroscience.

This latest study, called STIMO (Stimulation Movement Overground), establishes a new therapeutic framework to improve recovery from spinal cord injury. All patients involved in the study recovered voluntary control of leg muscles that had been paralyzed for many years. Unlike the findings of two independent studies published recently in the United States on a similar concept, neurological function was shown to persist beyond training sessions even when the electrical stimulation was turned off. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

“The exact timing and location of the electrical stimulation are crucial to a patient’s ability to produce an intended movement. It is also this spatiotemporal coincidence that triggers the growth of new nerve connections.”

The new rehabilitation protocols based on this targeted neurotechnology lead to improved neurological function by allowing the participants to actively train natural overground walking capabilities in the lab for extensive periods, as opposed to passive training like exoskeleton-assisted stepping.

During rehabilitation sessions, the three participants were able to walk hands-free over more than one kilometre with the help of targeted electrical stimulation and an intelligent bodyweight-support system. Moreover, they exhibited no leg-muscle fatigue, and so there was no deterioration in stepping quality. These longer, high-intensity training sessions proved crucial for triggering activity-dependent plasticity the nervous system’s intrinsic ability to reorganize nerve fibres which leads to improved motor function even when the electrical stimulation is turned off.

The startup GTX medical, co-founded by Courtine and Bloch, will use these findings to develop tailored neurotechnology to turn this rehabilitation paradigm into a treatment available at hospitals and clinics everywhere.

8. Share your feelings with natural language gadgets

Share your feelings with natural language gadgets

There have been numerous examples over the last two decades of how Natural Language Processing, or NLP, is being used by companies to provide an intelligent voice to gadgets and searches. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

NLP became a popular framework when Apple Inc. introduced Siri and Google introduced its YouTube voice search. Apple’s NLP on voice-to-text in Siri works in 16 global languages and it is meant for languages from English to French to Chinese. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

With the ongoing growth of the World Wide Web and exponential growth of social network platforms, text analytics of billions of data are required by marketeers, traders and customer services teams, and political verticals to understand the sentiment of the general public. Understanding the emotions of all the demographics and text analytics leapfrogged into what we now focus on social listening with numerous tools including Radian 6 and Sprinkler. The world is analyzing petabytes of text every day with text-based analytics to understand social networks.

Data scientists are becoming much more sought-after and the thin red line between Big Data analytics and text analytics is blurring.

 India has always been a research hub of NLP; organizations such as Owler are great but the mantle to crack NLP for 22 languages by voice to text and augment voice commands to machines via key lexicon datasets on universal remotes and many more use cases are taken by an organization called Mihup Communications.

Uneducated farmers talking on platforms on crop remedies, tackling farmer suicides is a never-ending opportunity and a company like Mihup intends to crack this issue. I hope we soon have more such companies to spur innovation on language processing for machines.

We live in a world where one sees movies like Iron Man where Tony Stark talks to his Just A Rather Very Intelligent System or Jarvis. I believe the world of NLP will soon match this expectation.

9. Mapping the human brain

Mapping the human brain

Researchers combined infrared laser stimulation techniques with functional magnetic resonance imaging in animals to generate a mapping of connections throughout the brain. “The ability to easily map connections in the living brain with high precision opens doors for other applications in medicine and engineering.” Researchers threaded a 200-micron optical fibre into the brains of research animals — in this case, cats and monkeys at Zhejiang and Vanderbilt, respectively — and stimulated specific areas of the brain. They were then able to view the cascading series of connections through ultra-high-field MRIs measuring blood oxygen levels in various areas.

The new technique opens doors for a systematic, large-scale study of connection patterns within single individuals repeatedly and efficiently. It also enables researchers to determine the direction of information flowing within the brain, and insight critical for understanding information processing in the brain. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

Benefits of mapping the brain

Brain mapping is a tool that can be used to glean insights about an individual’s brain function and how the structure of the brain relates to that. There are countless benefits of brain mapping and the information that can be uncovered through this process, from identifying points of weakness to understanding why some have certain abilities that others don’t.

 Let’s dive into the most common benefits that can be reaped from a brain map.

Distinguishing Parts Of The Brain

Brain mapping can afford detailed information about the physical structure of an individual’s brain. This can be highly valuable for several reasons, both medically and psychologically. Distinguishing various structures in the brain can provide medical professionals with the right information to guide you forward toward whatever goals may have brought you to get a brain map in the first place. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

Identifying Symptoms And Their Root Causes

Another important benefit of brain mapping is the ability to identify the root cause of any psychological or physiological symptoms you may be experiencing. Brain mapping is highly beneficial in understanding how and why a patient might be struggling with symptoms of anxiety or depression, as well as several other mental health brain-machine affect our country at staggering rates in today’s society.

Developing Targeted Treatments

Brain mapping can also informative when medical professionals are working to develop a treatment protocol for any given disorder or condition. It’s especially valuable when a patient is struggling with symptoms that have been hard to diagnose or relieve. Brain mapping can help your doctor create a treatment protocol that targets the specific areas of your brain that are causing your symptoms.

Understanding How The Brain Communicates

Finally, the most important information to be gleaned from a brain map is how the brain communicates with the rest of the body. Understanding the connectivity that is or isn’t working properly can be highly beneficial in the treatment of a wide variety of disorders.

Therefore, Brain mapping can be highly informative for doctors and other healthcare professionals working to help individuals better understand their symptoms and find relief from them. If you’re struggling with undiagnosed symptoms or want to gain a better understanding of your brain.

10. Brain-machine interface

Humans controlling machines with their minds may sound like something from a sci-fi movie, but it’s becoming a reality through brain-computer interfaces. Understanding this emerging technology now can help ensure that effective policies are in place before BCI becomes a part of everyday life. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

The main function of BCI is to convert and transmit human intentions into appropriate motion commands for wheelchairs, robots, devices, and so forth. BCI allows improving the quality of life of disabled patients and letting them interact with their environment.

BCI technology allows a human brain and an external device to talk to one another to exchange signals. It gives humans the ability to directly control machines, without the physical constraints of the body. Electronic devices would need to be implanted beneath the skull, directly into the brain, to target specific sets of neurons. BCI implants currently under development are tiny and can engage up to a million neurons at once. For example, a research team at the University of California, Berkeley, has created implantable sensors that are roughly the size of a grain of sand. They call these sensors “neural dust.”

By creating the ability for humans to communicate directly with machines, BCI has the potential to influence all facets of life

“If I can use it in a war, I could probably use it during a natural disaster like a tsunami or an earthquake. And frankly, I could use it more to save lives,”

“Those are good things. But we aren’t necessarily advocating the use of these technologies. We’re testing the viability of their use.”

BCI could also provide major medical benefits in the military and civilian worlds. For instance, amputees could directly control sophisticated prosthetic limbs. And implanted electrodes could improve memory for people dealing with Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, or head injuries.

Based on their analysis of current BCI development and the types of tasks that future tactical military units might face, the RAND team created a toolbox that catalogues how BCI might be useful in the coming years.

But others, especially those that transfer more complicated data, could take much longer to mature. The team then tested this toolbox by bringing together neuroscientists and individuals with operational warfighting experience to play a national security game.

11. Your Emotions tracked by Machines

Technology that detects human emotion is being used by firms to improve customer service, decide which candidates to interview, and optimize the emotional impact of advertising. But experts in the field have warned that some software relies on outdated psychological theories and cannot always be trusted. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

Emotions critically influence all aspects of our lives, from how we live, work, learn and play, to the decisions we make, big and small. Emotions drive how we communicate and connect, and impact our health and well-being. Human emotional intelligence (or your EQ) is our ability to recognize not only our own emotions but also those of other people and to use emotions to guide our behaviour, adapt to different environments and achieve our goals.

This brings us to an aspect of emotion-detection technology that is often overlooked: its philanthropic applications. Researchers in affective computing hope that emotion-detection technology will soon be able to use the information it has gleaned about a person’s emotional state and – by also taking into account the context – react in a way that helps its users.

12. AI psychiatrist is for you

Artificial Intelligence has been impacting all aspects of life, has now become drab. Today, it is a known fact to everyone right from children to ordinary people and researchers. Apart from the impact, the fact that AI is here to make our lives better and not replace us is also something people should start accepting. A lot of paranoia is created around AI and how it is getting integrated with other day-to-day activities and might affect the job scenario. Still, there is one sector that doesn’t believe in the common notion, and that is the healthcare sector, particularly psychiatry. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

One of the major disorders in the world of psychiatry is schizophrenia. It affects how people think, feel and perceive. The new app-based technology monitors and tracks subtle changes in the speech patterns of patients and looks for changes in them. According to one of the researchers, the changes reported by the app give insights into the patients’ fluctuations in speech and mental health, which helps discover shifts in mood or thoughts.

These stories were put through their automatic speech recognition tools. These tools tracked the speech longitudinally and extracted some language-based features. People often don’t know how artificial intelligence works, which becomes a problem when it comes to clinicians thinking about operating AI with their field. The AI tools or programs should come along with clear information on how it was built and should contain the type of data that was used to train the program. This would account for transparency.

In the present systems, clinicians do not have a reliable mechanism to assess whether a patient with depression will respond to a particular type of antidepressant.

The model, after being trained to predict clinical remission, was validated by applying it to patients in the study who were on escitalopram from an independent clinical trial known as the CO-MED study.

Conclusion

The healthcare community widely believes that AI will significantly change their profession for good. The psychiatric field, in particular, will benefit from it because the mental health issue is faced by everyone and often goes unnoticed by the patient. Mental illness affects everyone the same, be it for people living in urban areas or rural areas. App-based solutions like the ones mentioned above will make it more accessible for people of all lifestyles. Although complete solutions are not yet available, the promise that AI shows in the psychiatric world is real.

13. Quantum computers supremacy over supercomputer

Quantum physics has already changed our lives. Thanks to the invention of the laser and the transistor, both products of quantum theory, almost every electronic device we use today is an example of quantum physics in action. We may now be on the brink of a second quantum revolution as we attempt to harness even more of the power of the quantum world. Quantum computing and quantum communication could impact many sectors, including healthcare, energy, finance, security, and entertainment. Recent studies predict a multibillion-dollar quantum industry by 2030. However, significant practical challenges need to be overcome before this level of large-scale impact is achievable.

Although the quantum theory is over a century old, the current quantum revolution is based on the more recent realization that uncertainty, a fundamental property of quantum particles can be a powerful resource. At the level of individual quantum particles, such as electrons or photons (particles of light), it’s impossible to precisely know every property of the particle at any given moment in time. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.
Just as quantum encryption is fundamentally different from current encryption methods based on mathematical complexity, quantum computers are fundamentally different from current classical computers. The two are as different as a car and a horse and a cart. A car is based on harnessing different laws of physics compared to a horse and cart. It gets you to your destination faster and new destinations previously out of reach.
A quantum computer harnesses the probabilistic laws of quantum physics to process data and performs computations in a novel way. A particularly important application of quantum computers might be to simulate and analyze molecules for drug development and materials design. A quantum computer is uniquely suited for such tasks because it would operate on the same laws of quantum physics as the molecules it is simulating. Using a quantum device to simulate quantum chemistry could be far more efficient than using the fastest classical supercomputers today. Quantum computers are also ideally suited for solving complex optimization tasks and performing fast searches of unsorted data. The rapid growth in the quantum tech sector over the past five years has been exciting. But the future remains unpredictable. Luckily, quantum theory tells us that unpredictability is not necessarily a bad thing. Two qubits can be locked together in such a way that individually they remain undetermined, but jointly they.

14. In search of extraterrestrial life

From the movements of several nearby stars, we have now detected unseen companion bodies in orbit around them that are about as massive as large planets. From our knowledge of the processes by which life arose here on the earth, we know that similar processes must be fairly common throughout the universe. Since intelligence and technology have a high survival value it seems likely that primitive life forms on the planets of other stars, evolving over many billions of years, would occasionally develop intelligence, civilization, and high technology.

The only technique we have at present for detecting the planetary systems of nearby stars is the study of the gravitational perturbations such planets induce in the motion of their parent star. Imagine a nearby star that over decades moves measurably concerning the background of more distant stars.

Both the star and the companion revolve around a common centre of mass. The centre of mass will trace a straight line against the stellar background and thus the luminous star will trace a sinusoidal path. From the existence of the oscillation, we can deduce the existence of the companion.

A search of hundreds of thousands of stars in the hope of detecting one message would require remarkable dedication and would probably take several decades. It seems unlikely that any existing major radio telescope would be given over to such an intensive program to the exclusion of its usual work. The construction of one radio telescope or more that would be devoted perhaps half-time to the search seems to be the only practical method of seeking out extraterrestrial intelligence in a serious way. The cost would be some tens of millions of dollars.

The origin of life is not the same as the origin of its constituent building blocks, but laboratory studies on the linking of amino acids into molecules resembling proteins and on the linking of nucleotides into molecules resembling nucleic acids are progressing well. Investigations of how short chains of nucleic acids replicate themselves in vitro have even provided clues to primitive genetic codes for translating nucleic acid information into protein information, systems that could have preceded the elaborate machinery of ribosomes and activating enzymes with which cells now manufacture protein.

The laboratory experiments also yield a large amount of a brownish polymer that seems to consist mainly of long hydrocarbon chains. The spectroscopic properties of the polymer are similar to those of the reddish clouds on Jupiter, Saturn, and Titan, the largest satellite of Saturn. Since the atmospheres of these objects are rich in hydrogen and are similar to the atmosphere of the primitive earth, the coincidence is not surprising. It is nonetheless remarkable. Jupiter, Saturn, and Titan may be vast planetary laboratories engaged in pre-biological organic chemistry.

Something close to 1,000 such signals from our everyday internal communications has left the earth every second for the past two decades. This electromagnetic frontier of mankind is now some 20 light-years away, and it is moving outward at the speed of light. Its spherical wavefront, expanding like a ripple from a disturbance in a pool of water and inadvertently carrying the news that human beings have achieved the capacity for interstellar discourse, envelops about 20 new stars each year. This is the Top Technologies 2nd position on our list.

Rahul Maurya
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